Ecosystem Management

The well-being of people all over the world depends on healthy ecosystems to provide goods, like food and water, and services like climate regulation and protection from natural hazards.

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Diverse and healthy ecosystems matter

 

In the past 20 years

90 %

of major disasters caused by weather-related events

Islands harbour

20 %

of all plant, bird and reptile species

Drylands coverage

36%

of global terrestrial carbon stocks


How we engage

IUCN uses ecosystem-based approaches and works with governments and local communities to develop and implement policies and actions contributing to long-term disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.

IUCN addresses information gaps and capacity needs on the sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystems, with the aim of achieving sustainable and resilient development. 


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News

  • Mount Sanqingshan National Park, China - World Heritage site Mount Sanqingshan National Park, a World Heritage site in China Photo: IUCN / Chris Wood

    New IUCN report helps choose the right tools to assess how key natural areas benefit people

    07.08.2018

    IUCN’s World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN-WCPA) today has issued new guidance to help practitioners assess ecosystem services within important sites for biodiversity and nature conservation. The report reviews nine assessment tools, focussing on their...

  • Summer mountain pasture in the Pyrenees; sustainable grazing can help conserve healthy, biodiverse soils Summer mountain pasture in the Pyrenees; sustainable grazing can help conserve healthy, biodiverse soils  Photo: Myrabella CC3.0

    To feed future generations, countries must invest in living soils

    15.06.2018

    Governments should invest in healthy, living soils by channelling agricultural subsidies towards sustainable farming methods. If done right, agriculture can conserve the diversity of species found in soils, helping halt land degradation and desertification....

  • Bedouin Herder in the Hima Eyra Range Reserve, Balqa Governorate, Jordan Bedouin Herder in the Hima Eyra Range Reserve, Balqa Governorate, Jordan Photo: Dr Mahfouz Abu Zanat

    Conserving soil biodiversity important for greater agricultural productivity

    15.06.2018

    A recently released IUCN technical brief recommends increasing investments in sustainable land management practices, as well as better cooperation between agriculturalists and conservationists to conserve healthy soils. 

Publications

Learn more

Herd-Kenya Photo: Herd-Kenya, Davies

Global Drylands Initiative

Drylands are found in tropical and temperate latitudes and account for 41.3% of the global terrestrial area. They can be classified into four types - dry sub-humid, semi-arid, arid and hyper-arid lands - encompassing a variety of ecosystems. The goal of the Global Drylands Initiative...
Mekong Floods 2008 Photo: Rob McWilliam

Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation

Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate Change Adaptation, or Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) involves a wide range of ecosystem management activities to increase the resilience and reduce the vulnerability of people and the environment to climate change.

 

EPIC Thailand Photo: Camille Buyck

Environment and Disasters

Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of climate-related hazards Nature-based solutions can help communities prepare for, cope with, and recover from disasters.

 

canaima national park venezuela Photo: @ Rebecca Miller

Red List of Ecosystems

Since the state of conservation of ecosystems is constantly changing, the reality is that a red list represents the equivalent to a photograph of an ecosystem's risk of collapsing at the time of its assessment.

 

Quick reads

Aimed at policy-makers and journalists, IUCN Issues Briefs provide key information on selected issues in a two-pager format.

thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands Photo: thumbnail_iucn_issues_cc_peatlands

Peatlands and climate change

Peatlands are a type of wetlands that occur in almost every country on Earth, currently covering 3% of the global land surface. The term ‘peatland’ refers to the peat soil and the wetland habitat...

Thumbnail_EbA issues brief Photo: IUCN

Ecosystem-based Adaptation

Communities have been adapting to climate variability for centuries, but today their coping mechanisms are being outpaced by the fast-changing climate. Shifting weather patterns as a result of...

Thumbnail_Issues brief CC and land degradation Photo: IUCN

Land degradation and climate change

Soil is the biggest terrestrial carbon sink. The world’s soils store more carbon than the planet’s biomass and atmosphere combined. This includes soil organic carbon, which is essentially...

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